Chicago, Sept 8 (Xinhua/UNB) -- Overweight adolescents, considered particularly susceptible to stress eating, actually ate less when exposed to a lab stressor, and the foods they eschewed were the high fat and sugar options, a study posted on the website of the University of Michigan (UM) on Tuesday showed.
The study, involving about 60 kids, further found that kids who produced the most cortisol after the stressor saw the biggest appetite reduction, eating about 35 percent fewer calories in the two hours after the stressor.
"These are really exciting findings because they give us a chance to observe eating patterns when adults are exposed to stress, which is a very important factor in childhood obesity, long-term cardiovascular risk and type 2 diabetes risk," said principal investigator Rebecca Hasson, associate professor of movement science at the UM School of Kinesiology.
Results were similar whether adolescents in the study were monitoring their food intake or not.
But that didn't happen among the dieters, and the results suggest that a biological response, such as the flood of cortisol or the satiety hormone leptin, drove the adolescents' reduced appetite.
"This doesn't mean stress kids out and they'll lose weight. This is in the short term only," Hasson noted. "They may eat more calories later. Typically, many kids did say they turned to food when stressed, so maybe this was a time effect."
Even if the cortisol spike didn't cause overeating, it's still metabolically unhealthy, she said. Much work remains to see who's susceptible to big cortisol spikes and the long-term effects of stress.
The study has been published in Psychosomatic Medicine.
Sanaa Sept 9 (Xinhua/UNB) -- Yemen's girls are very skilled in cooking "Bint al-Sahn," a large flaky pastry kneaded from a mixture of flour, water, eggs, sugar and clarified butter that gives the dish a shiny golden color.
The dough is sprinkled with nigella seeds. The dish is served warm with natural Yemeni honey drizzled on top.
Young people adore this sweet dish. This is the must-served dish in any engagement and wedding parties, especially in the northern parts of the country.
Amal Mutahar, a sociology teacher, told Xinhua that Bint al-Sahn is the most famous dish of the Yemeni cuisine, and is part of the traditional culture in all Yemeni family events.
Amt-Alrzak Jhaf, a social activist and specialist in the Yemeni folk food, said the origin of this dish is the historic Old Sanaa City in the heart of the capital Sanaa.
According to many grandmothers in the Old Sanaa City, Bint al-Sahn traditionally used to be a must-served dish at engagement parties, in which the mother of fiancé asked about the fiancée's cooking and housekeeping skills.
In response, the mother of fiancee presents Bint al-Sahn dish to the mother of fiance, saying while pointing at the dish: "please look at this dish and taste it ... the girl's skills are here in this dish, which she baked it by herself."
For this reason, the dish was named literally after this tradition: "the girl is in the dish."
According to Amt-Alrzak, this dish requires skill and experience in kneading the dough and forming its thin and smooth layers.
"Whenever the layers are 'smooth and transparent' inside the dish, they are evidence of the girl's skill," she wrote in her Facebook.
Bint al-Sahn is still a traditional standard to this day between many Yemeni families to determine girls' cooking skills.
Conservative Yemeni society still adheres to its customs and traditions that prevent boys from mixing with girls in schools, and does not allow the boy to meet the girl during the engagement period.
The surface of the dish is usually decorated with pieces of dough, in the form of welcome words or other love messages.
Bint al-Sahn is traditionally served to the guests at the middle of the main course of the lunch, usually after the dishes of Shafoot, rice with meat, potatoes with vegetables and before the Saltah dish. However, the Yemeni new generation prefer to eat it at the end of lunch as a dessert dish.
Bashir al-Sulwi, journalist, told Xinhua that Bint al-Sahn has a special place in his heart "despite pains of war and economic blockade." Bashir refers to the humanitarian crisis and civil war between Houthis and Saudi-led coalition forces.
"Whenever I eat Bint al-Sahn, it always reminds me an intimate message from my sweetheart," he recalled.
Lasha, Sept 4 (Xinhua/UNB) -- More than 1,500 new words and expressions have been added to Tibetan vocabulary since 2018, authorities from southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region said.
The list includes frequently used expressions in politics, finance, the internet, over 500 terms related to electric power and 150-plus terms involving Tibetan Opera and traditional Tibetan dances, according to the regional committee on the standardization of the Tibetan language translation.
Many of the expressions once largely emerged in Mandarin but were absent in Tibetan language, such as the famous gesture "finger heart," the short-video sharing app "Tik Tok" which is also known as Douyin, and the "rushing clan," a slang describing people born between 1975 and 1985 who work hard and play hard.
Currently, the list has been published to the public in various ways such as bulletins, mini dictionaries, websites, newspapers and magazines.
"Our job is to serve the grassroots. Take the translation of poverty-relief policies as an example. Only when ordinary Tibetans understand them can we better put these preferential policies into practice," said Gyayum Chogyal, deputy director with the committee.
Established in 2005, the committee has been collecting, translating and reviewing words that were absent in the existing Tibetan language. So far, the committee has reviewed and standardized around 10,000 new words and terms in Tibetan vocabulary.
Tibetan is a millennia-old language mainly spoken in Tibet Autonomous Region and Tibetan areas in four provinces, with subtle variations across the regions.
Dhaka, Sept 3 ( UNB) – A five- week long Jamdani festival will begin at Bengal Shilpalay in the city’s Dhanmondi on Friday.
Bengal Foundation organised the festival in association with World Crafts Council.
A press conference on the festival was held at Bengal Boi in the city on Tuesday.
Addressing the press conference, President of the National Crafts Council of Bangladesh Rafiqul Islam said it took two years for the preparation of the festival.
A seminar titled "Jamdani: Past, Present and Future " will be held on September 7 at Women Voluntary Association ( WVA) in the city's Dhanmondhi area, the organiser said.
The festival will be inaugurated by Education Minister Dr Dipu Moni while
State minister for Cultural Affairs K M Khalid, Mayor of Narayanganj Selina Hayat Ivy and the President of the World Crafts Council Asia-Pacific Region Dr Ghada Hijjawi Qaddumi will be present on the occasion as special guests.
President of the National Crafts Council of Bangladesh Rafiqul Islam will chair the inaugural ceremony.
The Master Craft Persons award ceremony will also be held on the same day to honour the most efficient master weaver and their apprentices for their skills and contributions to the community.
Four short films onthe design and weaving process of Jamdani and the life of weavers will be screened as part of programme.
The organisers said that they have taken all out efforts with the support of the Cultural Affairs Ministry and local administration of Sonargaon to make Sonargaon as the world Craft City.
The exhibition is open to all every day, except on Sundays, from 12 pm to 8 pm until October 12
Luva Nahid Choudhury, one of the trustees of Bengal Foundation, representatives of executive partners of the festival Aarong, Aranya, Kumudini and Tangail Sharee Kutir were also present.
Berlin, Sep 2 (AP/UNB) — A zoo in Berlin is celebrating the arrival of two panda cubs, the first time one of the rare mammals has given birth in Germany.
Zoo Berlin said Monday that mother Meng Meng gave birth to a hand-sized pink cub at 6:54 p.m. Saturday.
According to the zoo, mothering came naturally to the 6-year-old panda: "She placed the tiny creature gently on her belly and began to warm it lovingly with her big paws, warm breath, and the soft fur of her cheeks."
An hour later, its twin was born.
Keepers only confirmed last week that Meng Meng was pregnant. She had mated with 9-year-old partner Jiao Qing in April, and was also artificially inseminated to increase the likelihood of pregnancy.
Meng Meng and Jiao Qing arrived from China in June 2017.