Apart from damaging lungs, coronavirus also affects kidneys, liver, heart, brain and nervous system, skin and gastrointestinal tract, a medical team of Columbia University Irving Medical Center in New York City said in a new report.
The medical team of the center in New York came up with the information in a review report published in the Nature Medicine journal.
Columbia University Irving Medical Center was flooded with patients that provided the medical team some real experiences. However, they collected reports from other medical teams around the world in this regard, they said.
The review by the doctors shows that the coronavirus attacks virtually every major system in the human body, directly damaging organs and causing the blood to clot, the heart to lose its healthy rhythm, the kidneys to shed blood and protein and the skin to erupt in rashes.
It also causes headaches, dizziness, muscle aches, stomach pain and other symptoms along with classic respiratory symptoms like coughing and fever.
Dr. Aakriti Gupta, a cardiology fellow at Columbia who worked on the review, in a statement, said, "Physicians need to think of COVID-19 as a multisystem disease."
"There's a lot of news about clotting but it's also important to understand that a substantial proportion of these patients suffer kidney, heart, and brain damage, and physicians need to treat those conditions along with the respiratory disease," she added.
According to the report, much of the damages wrought by the virus appear to come because of its affinity for a receptor — a kind of molecular doorway into cells — called ACE2.
Cells lining the blood vessels, in the kidneys, the liver ducts, the pancreas, in the intestinal tract and lining the respiratory tract all are covered with ACE2 receptors, which the virus can use to grapple and infect cells, the medical team said.
The medial team also wrote that "These findings suggest that multiple-organ injury may occur at least in part due to direct viral tissue damage."
The report also said the coronavirus infection also activates the immune system. Part of that response includes the production of inflammatory proteins called cytokines.
This inflammation can damage cells and organs and the so-called cytokine storm is one of the causes of severe symptoms, it said.
Dr. Mahesh Madhavan, another cardiology fellow, said, "This virus is unusual and it's hard not to take a step back and not be impressed by how many manifestations it has on the human body."
The researchers said blood clotting effects appear to be caused by several different mechanisms: direct damage of the cells lining the blood vessels and interference with the various clotting mechanisms in the blood itself.
Low blood oxygen caused by pneumonia can make the blood more likely to clot, they said adding that these clots can cause strokes and heart attacks or can lodge in the lungs or legs.
The researchers wrote that the virus affects the immune system, depleting the T-cells the body usually deploys to fight off viral infections. "Lymphopenia, a marker of impaired cellular immunity, is a cardinal laboratory finding reported in 67-90% of patients with COVID-19.”
Read Also: Extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19
“The Most Magical Place on Earth” is reopening after nearly four months although a huge surge of Floridians have tested positive for the new coronavirus in recent weeks .
Walt Disney World’s Magic Kingdom and Animal Kingdom are reopening Saturday, while Epcot and Disney’s Hollywood Studios will follow four days later.
Many cities and counties around the state have recently reinstated restrictions that had been lifted in May, when cases seemed to drop.
All of Disney's Orlando parks closed in mid-March in an effort to stop the virus’s spread. Universal Orlando and SeaWorld Orlando closed around the same time but reopened several weeks ago after instituting similar rules to protect employees and customers from the virus.
Disney's new rules include mandatory masks and social distancing. Visitors will need reservations to enter a park, and they won't be allowed to hop between parks. Both visitors and employees will receive temperature checks when they enter. Fireworks shows and parades have been suspended to prevent drawing too many people together.
Disney has been opening its parks back up around the globe for the past two months. In May, the company opened Disney Springs, a complex of shops, restaurants and entertainment venues in Lake Buena Vista.
Sleep disturbances, like having a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep, affect millions of people around the world.
The daytime sleepiness that follows can leave you feeling lousy and sap your productivity, and it may even harm your health.
Now, a small study suggests that mindfulness meditation — a mind-calming practice that focuses on breathing and awareness of the present moment — can help.
A study published a few years ago in JAMA Internal Medicine included 49 middle-aged and older adults who had trouble sleeping. Half completed a mindfulness awareness program that taught them meditation and other exercises designed to help them focus on “moment-by-moment experiences, thoughts, and emotions.” The other half completed a sleep education class that taught them ways to improve their sleep habits.
Both groups met six times, once a week for two hours. Compared with the people in the sleep education group, those in the mindfulness group had less insomnia, fatigue, and depression at the end of the six sessions.
The findings come as no surprise to Dr. Herbert Benson, director emeritus of the Harvard-affiliated Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine. “Mindfulness meditation is just one of a smorgasbord of techniques that evoke the relaxation response,” says Dr. Benson.
The relaxation response, a term he coined in the 1970s, is a deep physiological shift in the body that’s the opposite of the stress response. The relaxation response can help ease many stress-related ailments, including depression, pain, and high blood pressure. For many people, sleep disorders are closely tied to stress, says Dr. Benson.
Mindfulness meditation involves focusing on your breathing and then bringing your mind’s attention to the present without drifting into concerns about the past or future. It helps you break the train of your everyday thoughts to evoke the relaxation response, using whatever technique feels right to you.
Dr. Benson recommends practicing mindfulness during the day, ideally for 20 minutes, the same amount suggested in the new study. “The idea is to create a reflex to more easily bring forth a sense of relaxation,” he says. That way, it’s easier to evoke the relaxation response at night when you can’t sleep. In fact, the relaxation response is so, well, relaxing that your daytime practice should be done sitting up or moving (as in yoga or tai chi) so as to avoid nodding off.
Step 1: Choose a calming focus. Good examples are your breath, a sound (“Om”), a short prayer, a positive word (such as “relax” or “peace”), or a phrase (“breathing in calm, breathing out tension”; “I am relaxed”). If you choose a sound, repeat it aloud or silently as
you inhale or exhale.
Step 2: Let go and relax. Don’t worry about how you’re doing. When you notice your mind has wandered, simply take a deep breath or say to yourself “thinking, thinking” and gently return your attention to your chosen focus.
Do you know that a healthy diet can save you from numerous diseases naturally? Zinc is one of the most essential nutrients required in the healthy human body. Consumption of the recommended amount of Zinc can reduce Cold symptoms, improve your immune system, minimize the risk of many diseases, and faster wound healing. On the other hand, Zinc deficiency can increase the risk of infection, diarrhea, respiratory problems, and several other diseases. Especially, Zinc deficit in children can impede growth. Read this article to know Zinc health Benefits, food sources, and daily requirements.
According to the Open Respiratory Medicine Journal, Zinc intake can shorten the duration of common colds by up to 40 percent. Another study shows that zinc can reduce the severity and duration of the common cold in healthy people if taken within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms. Therefore, to prevent the symptoms of COVID19 and pneumonia, you can consume Zinc according to the recommendation of your physician.
The European Journal of Immunology says that adding Zinc to a regular diet can help the process of activating T lymphocytes (T cells) in the human body. T cells are essential to control and regulate immune responses against antigens, viruses, infected or cancerous cells. Conversely, Zinc deficiency can impair the function of your immune system increasing susceptibility to diverse pathogens.
Research conducted by the University of Toronto has found that zinc plays a crucial role in regulating the communication network of neurons cells in the human brain. In simple words, Zinc can impact upon the process of learning and memory formation.
Zinc has a critical role in preserving the integrity and structure of the skin. A Swedish study has discovered that Zinc helps in the treatment of leg ulcers. Another Research reveals that Zinc can fasten the healing process of wounds by reducing inflammation and activating immune cells in the area of injury. That is why Zinc is widely used in diverse skin creams for treating skin irritations and diaper rash.
Zinc can reduce the risk of age-related chronic diseases. A study conducted by Oregon State University has found that zinc intake may decrease the risk of inflammatory diseases. Zinc may prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and prevents vision loss, according to the Archives of Ophthalmology.
Journal of Biological Chemistry boasts that zinc may assist in regulating the heartbeat which can minimize the risk of arrhythmia-related heart failure. Furthermore, Zinc may treat acne, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), osteoporosis, hypothyroidism, and pneumonia.
Zinc deficiency is a potential risk factor for the low quality of sperm and male infertility. Research has proved that zinc sulfate and folic acid supplementation can improve the sperm count of healthy adult males.
The recommended intake for Zinc ranges from 3-5 milligrams for 1-8 years old children. Males under the age-group of 9 to 13 years old require 8 milligrams of zinc per day. The requirement rises to 11 milligrams per day after the age of 14. The adult males (19 years and above) also require not more than 11 milligrams Zinc per day.
The daily Zinc requirement for females under the age group of 8 to 13 years is 8 milligrams per day. For ages 14 to 18, the recommended value increases to 9 milligrams per day. However, for adult women (19 years and above) the requirement falls back to 8 milligrams per day. Depending on age, the pregnant women and lactating mothers have an increased requirement for zinc which ranges 11 to 13 milligrams per day.
Crab and lobster are both excellent sources of zinc. 3 ounces (oz) of cooked crab can supply 59 percent (6.5 mg) of the recommended daily value (DV) of Zinc, while a small steamed lobster may contain about 43 percent (4.7 mg) of the DV.
Eating Beef, chicken, and egg can deliver zinc to your body. According to the USDA, 1 cup of roasted chicken breast can provide 19 percent (2.13 mg) of the recommended daily value of Zinc, while 1 egg conveys about 5 percent (0.6 mg) of DV.
Nutritious vegetables such as mushrooms, broccoli, kale, garlic, and spinach are great sources of zinc. According to the USDA, one cup of sliced raw mushrooms provides about 3 percent (0.4 mg) of the DV of zinc, while 1 cooked cup of Kale roughly contains the same amount (0.3 mg).
Beans and legumes also contain Zinc. In ¼ cup of hummus can support your body with 8 percent (0.89 mg) of the daily recommended value of zinc, while 1 cup of lentils has about 11 percent (2.27 mg) of DV.
Nuts and seeds are natural sources of zinc. 1 oz of pumpkin seeds or pine nuts can provide 20 percent (2.17 mg) or 16 percent (1.8 mg) of the daily recommended value of Zinc, respectively. 1 oz of dry-roasted cashews contains 15 percent (1.6 mg) of the DV. Moreover, 1 oz of Chia seeds can offer you 12 percent (1.3 mg) of the DV.
Besides fiber, vitamins, and minerals, the whole grains are enriched in Zinc. 1 cup of raw oats can deliver about 27 percent (2.95 mg), while 1 cup of cooked brown rice has 13 percent (1.38 mg), and a slice of whole-wheat bread boasts 5 percent (0.6 mg) of the recommended daily value of Zinc.
Dark chocolate is a delicious source of zinc. In fact, depending upon cacao varieties, darker chocolate offers Zinc in greater values. 1 oz. of dark chocolate can supply nearly 7 to 8 percent (0.75 to 0.9 mg) of the recommended daily value of Zinc. If you are a chocolate lover, this is a bonus for you!
Breakfast cereals carry diverse minerals, including Zinc. Generally, 1 cup serving can provide about 25 percent (2.8 mg) of the recommended daily value of zinc. However, do not forget to check the nutrition label of your favorite cereals to see just how much you are getting from it.
Milk and yogurt are nutritious sources of Zinc. 1 cup of nonfat or low-fat milk contains 9 percent (1.02 mg) of the recommended daily value of zinc, while 1 cup of nonfat or low-fat plain yogurt provides 22 percent (2.38 mg) or 20 percent (2.2 mg) of DV, respectively.
Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy (BSA) launched an art camp on Wednesday, as part of its ‘Art Against Corona’ venture.
The camp consists of 300 noted and promising artists of Bangladesh.
As part of the camp, the 300 nominated artists were given art-equipment and access to craft their artworks at BSA’s National Art Gallery complex, plaza and studios while maintaining social distancing.
Initiated by BSA Director General Liaquat Ali Lucky, the art camp is being administrated by the Fine Arts department of BSA.
The artists are scheduled to submit their artworks at the Fine Arts department of BSA from July 8 to July 20. The artworks will be showcased in a future exhibition, and will be featured in a catalogue.
The art camp is being orchestrated by noted artists Jamal Ahmed, Nazma Akter, Kamal Pasha Chowdhury and Sanjib Das Apu.