Sao Paulo, Aug 29 (AP/UNB) — Brazilian President Michel Temer announced Tuesday that he'll deploy the military to restore order in a state at the heart of the Venezuelan migrant crisis, as new data showed a surge in killings that meant the state now has the highest homicide rate in the country.
Between January and June, there were 27.7 homicides for every 100,000 people in Roraima, a poor state in northern Brazil on the border with Venezuela, data from the Violence Monitor showed. Rio Grande do Norte, with 27.1 killings per 100,000, had the second-highest rate, followed by Ceara and Acre, both with 26.
In the past three years, Roraima, like many Brazilian states, has been the scene of an intense battle between criminal organizations for territory and influence. During the same period, it has also been the major entry point into Brazil for Venezuelans fleeing political and economic turmoil in their homeland. Both have put pressure on the state's institutions and contributed to a feeling of instability.
"What we see is that there is a clear feeling of the fragility of local institutions to deal with the fear of people, who are starting to think the state has no rule of law," said Bruno Paes Manso, a researcher with the Center for Violence Studies at the University of Sao Paulo. The center participated in putting together the Violence Monitor.
"This leads people to defend themselves ... you have this perception: people are arriving from every corner, crime dominates, and homicides multiply in these contexts," he said.
Despite the well-known pressure on Roraima, Manso said the spike was surprising. The rate for all of last year was 25.1 per 100,000 - and Roraima wasn't in the top 10. In 2016, it had the third-lowest homicide rate in the country.
Brazil has long been the world leader in overall homicides. The monitor registered more than 26,100 killings in Brazil in the first six months of the year - which could be an indication that the number of killings could fall in 2018 after a particularly bloody 2017. This year's data, however, does not include complete figures from three states.
The data was compiled and analyzed by the G1 news portal, the Brazilian Forum on Public Security and the Center for Violence Studies, and includes murders, deaths during robberies, and assaults that resulted in deaths.
In a brief televised address Tuesday night, Temer announced that he signed a decree to send in the armed forces to restore order and security in Roraima. The federal government had already decided to deploy members of an elite military-style police force after residents of a border town attacked Venezuelans and burned their belongings earlier this month.
The decree authorizes the deployment starting Wednesday and lasting until Sept. 12. It could be extended. Temer did not say how many troops he would send.
The government of Roraima welcomed the decree but said it wasn't enough. In a statement, the state said it was still seeking $45 million in compensation for spending on health, education and security as a result of the crisis, a field hospital to relieve pressure on health services, more ambulances and police cars and a larger deployment of an elite military-style police force.
Poor and isolated, Roraima has struggled to deal with the influx from Venezuela, where the collapse of institutions and an economic crisis worse than the Great Depression has driven 2.3 million people to flee, according to U.N. estimates. Tens of thousands have come to Brazil, largely to Roraima. Many are living on the streets of the state's cities and towns, and the influx has been linked to a measles outbreak in Brazil, with 300 cases in Roraima.
"Brazil is not confronting a migratory crisis. Roraima is confronting a migratory crisis," the state's governor, Suely Campos, wrote in an op-ed in the Folha de S.Paulo newspaper this past weekend.
The federal government in "Brasilia's disregard for the largest humanitarian crisis in the Americas, in coordination with its allies in the state, is criminal," she wrote.
Contacted by The Associated Press, the office the chief of staff of the president didn't respond directly to Campos' criticisms, but said that the federal government has provided Roraima with nearly $100 million since the beginning of the crisis. Campos, in her op-ed, accused the government of announcing resources in the press that the state never received.
The federal government has also relocated about 1,000 migrants.
Dhaka, Aug 29 (UNB) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Wednesday called for making efforts to bring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force.
In a message on the International Day Against Nuclear Tests, the UN chief said, "Our collective security demands that every effort should be made to bring this essential treaty into force."
He said the history of nuclear testing is one of suffering, with the victims of more than 2,000 nuclear tests often from the most vulnerable communities around the world.
The devastating consequences – which were not confined by international borders -- encompassed impacts on the environment, health, food security and economic development, said Guterres.
Since the end of the Cold War, a robust norm has developed against nuclear testing, violated by only one State this century, he said.
The strength of that norm has been validated by the international community’s overwhelming condemnation of each violation, Guterres said.
Nevertheless, Guterres said the restraint displayed through voluntary moratoria cannot replace a global, legally-binding ban on nuclear-testing.
"The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has an essential role within the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime," the UN chief said.
He said it fosters international peace and security by constraining the development of nuclear weapons.
Washington, Aug 28 (AP/UNB) — President Donald Trump is promising to address what he says is the "very serious situation" of social media companies "suppressing" conservative voices and "hiding information" and good news.
Trump has made similar complaints recently, but he targeted Google on Tuesday. Trump said in a pre-dawn tweet that included a typo that a search for "Trump News" on Google "shows only the viewing/reporting of Fake New Media. In other words, they have it RIGGED, for me & others, so that almost all stories & news is BAD."
He adds, "Republican/Conservative & Fair Media is shut out. Illegal?"
Trump also claimed without evidence that 96 percent of the "Trump News" search results are from "National Left-Wing Media."
He says this "very serious situation-will be addressed!"
Mountain View, California-based Google had no immediate comment.
Jacksonville, Aug 27 (AP/UNB) — Florida authorities are reporting multiple people dead and "many transported" to hospitals after a mass shooting at a riverfront mall in Jacksonville that was hosting a video game tournament.
The Jacksonville Sherriff's Office is reporting that one suspect is dead at the scene after the shooting at Jacksonville Landing, but it was unknown if there were other suspects involved.
The Jacksonville Sheriff's Office used Twitter and Facebook to warn people to stay far away from the Jacksonville Landing.
The department says to "stay far away from the area. The area is not safe at this time. STAY AWAY."
"We are finding many people hiding in locked areas at The Landing. We ask you to stay calm, stay where you are hiding. SWAT is doing a methodical search inside The Landing. We will get to you. Please don't come running out," the sheriff's office said via Twitter.
The sheriff's office didn't provide any other information, but also warned news media to stay away from the area, which contains restaurants and shops along the St. Johns River.
The GLHF Game Bar at the Landing was hosting a Madden 19 video game tournament at the time of the shooting.
Fredericton, Aug 10 (AP/UNB) — Police in the eastern Canadian city of Fredericton, New Brunswick said Friday at least four people have been killed and one suspect is in custody after a shooting.
Fredericton police are asking residents to avoid the area and stay in their homes. The circumstances of the shooting are unclear, but police said on Twitter that the "incident is ongoing."
They were also asking people on Facebook not to use social media to report on police locations.
David MacCoubrey, who lives in Fredericton, said he has heard about 20 shots including two in the last few minutes. He was hiding on his kitchen floor.
He awoke in his apartment on Brookside Drive around 7 a.m. local time to the sound of three gunshots 33 feet (10 meters) from his bed.
MacCoubrey said his apartment complex has four buildings in a square, and it sounded like the shots were coming from the middle of the complex.
He said police have been searching the complex, and he's been sitting away from windows.
He said the police searched his apartment.