The surge of Indian coronavirus has shocked the world as the country is facing considerably high numbers of Covid deaths every day. However, it is also reported that the average number of new cases is increasing every week. The skyrocket infection rate has now thrown in deep grief. In article we are going to discuss why the Indian Coronavirus variant appears more deadly? We will also focus on the COVID-19 situation in the neighboring countries of India.
What is the Indian COVID-19 variant?
It is normal that viruses mutate all the time and produce different variants and versions of themselves. Sometimes mutate weakens the virus, and sometimes it may get stronger than the mother variant. Nevertheless, the India variant has become stronger and deadly.
However, the Indian coronavirus maturations are not entirely new, identified as E484Q and L452R. The E484Q is similar to the South African variant E484K as well as the Brazilian variant P1. Moreover, the Indian variant was also detected as the British variant B.1.1.7. On the other hand, L452R is found in the Californian variant, which was also found in Germany.
With all these combinations, the scientists are almost in the dark while trying to find out the actual reason and the protection.
The Indian variant was first detected in Maharashtra between December 2020 and March this year. Then the virus spread to other states, and New Delhi has got affected in a way that overwhelmed its healthcare system. As a result, the healthcare system in some states in India has collapsed.
Why is India's Coronavirus variant dangerous, and how deadly is it?
The newest variant has two mutations on the spike protein of the COVID-19. Usually, the spike protein is responsible for infecting the body, and now it has two deadly types. These two newest types can then enter the body quickly and have the ability to escape any available antibodies in the immune system and infect the lungs quickly.
Now the experts show concern over the vaccine, whether the current vaccines can fight against the variant. But it is yet hard to tell how deadly the variant is as scientists are still figuring out its level. But the recent surge in the death rate gives us a hint about its risk level.
In the beginning, the researchers declared all three Indian variants as “under investigation.” However, the recent investigation leveled the B.1.617.2 as the “variant of concern.” The laboratory studies, as well as epidemiological analyses suggest that it can arise a problem in the coming days.
Of the other two mutations, L452R can avoid the antibodies from previously taken COVID vaccines; E484Q is partially resistant to vaccines. That said, the new mutations in India “are highly unlikely to render vaccines completely ineffective.”
The outcome from proper research can ensure us the actual risk level of the newest virus. Hence, we will need to keep patience until the scientist announces the level of its dangerousness. But we are assuming it is dangerous and should take proper protection to prevent it.
Impact of Indian Coronavirus variant on the Neighboring countries
As India's newest coronavirus variant spreads, the neighboring countries go on high alert. The infection rate is on the rise across South Asia that led to border closures and traveling bands. Despite taking the protection, Nepal has been affected badly by the Indian variant, while Bangladesh and Sri Lanka had already detected its first Indian variant a few days ago.
Although the neighboring countries that share a border with India already closed their border, there are still some porous borders with a huge number of people crossing back and forth every day. Therefore, the countries may hit hard anytime.
Situation in Nepal
Nepal shares a border with five northern Indian states, such as West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Uttar Pradesh. Nepal's COVID 19 infection was on the rise in February, and 150-200 news cases were normal during that time. However, the number increased significantly for the last few weeks as thousands of COVID cases are reported every day. For a country with over 24 million people, getting thousands of cases every day is alarming. As per the recent report, the country is seeing almost 4,000 to 5,000 cases per day, which is scary.
Among the 24 million citizens, approximately 6 million Nepalis live and work in India, and with the porous border, people cross almost every day. Hence, the country may face an outbreak like India. But the good news is that, despite the high COVID-19 cases in Nepal, the mortality rate is relatively lower.
Bangladesh closes borders
Bangladesh has restricted the border previously for two weeks, but still, the county could not stop the new variant from entering. Bangladesh detected the new variants a few days ago. However, Bangladesh's National Technical Advisory Committee on COVID-19 suggests not to reopen the Indian borders until Indian gets back to a somewhat normal situation. Besides, the committee also urges that the government should take strict measures to prevent the Indian variant.
However, the COVID-19 cases in Bangladesh are on the rise since March-15, which is identified as the old variant but it has already hit hard. So, having the Indian variant would collapse healthcare. So far, the county has taken all the possible measures to prevent the new variant.
Pakistan on alert
Pakistan is also experiencing a climb in COVID cases since early March, matching with the Indian outbreak. However, Pakistan has not reported any Indian variant yet. But Pakistan has banned traveling from India since April 19.
Situation Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka has detected its first case on Saturday in a person who recently returned from India. Sri Lanka has recorded 19 COVID deaths on Friday, which is the highest number of fatalities in a single day from the corona. To protect its citizens, the country has begun rolling out the vaccine from the Chinese Sinopharm urgently.